As you probably know, a GIS application can aid you in tracking almost everything in your environment from trees to roads to underground infrastructure. However, did you know that your GIS can also help maintain the animals that inhabit that environment? Spain’s National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology (NIA) uses their GIS capabilities to develop research in epidemiology and risk factors for wildlife.
By tracking the risk factor of any given area, the health status of local wildlife, Wildlife Rescue Centers information, and more, Spain’s NIA can stay ahead of the curve when making decisions that impact their environment and wildlife populations.
By mapping the plethora of data surrounding Spain’s ecosystems and wildlife, the NIA can begin to see spatial relationship across specific criteria. For instance, their maps show a heavy association between damages to owls and anthropogenic causes (vehicle collisions or barbed wire fences, for example). With this information, the NIA can attempt to combat the phenomenon by offering alternatives for barbed wire fences to locals and educating them about the owl population in their area.
Due to their GIS application, Spain and the NIA can enable corrective measures that focus and prioritize environmental conservation resources, allowing for fewer wildlife incidents due to human interference.